Day: April 7, 2018

Apr 7, 2018

Pillars Of Your Research

Your main research points would be make up the different pillars and then there would be lots of evidence within each pillar not just one finding from one article because you can see how that would not be very good support and the hypothesis the big heavy platform would fall right down so as you’re finding articles you are summarizing them and understanding what what is in there you begin to synthesize and start organizing the articles into themes or putting those bricks into their little pillar categories so true synthesis involves drawing on multiple sources and relating them to each other and before bringing them together you have to summarize them and paraphrasing and then that does two things for you one of course that helps you understand the article better and then it actually if you summarize all the way into your own words and your own sentence structure then you already have pieces that you can pull out and and then add them to the overall argument. Read how to build your research pillars at Edusson.

That you’re using so that process of summarizing can really help when you go to write a full introduction and you’re facing the introductory paragraph start off broad so you give a one introductory paragraph that outlines the main topics that you are going to cover and your main topics are not that if you are looking for a relationship between two different variables it’s not each variable separately it is your topic is the relationship between those two variables and so any normal paper inter paragraph you introduce main topics and so Barry at all you would guess in their introduction they would cover not just self disclosure and all about self disclosure college stress and all about college stress they would cover self disclosure college stress first-generation status all together so you introduce the idea of your research to the reader and you’re going to make a statement about what the introduction is going to form the reader about so sometimes it is hard if you don’t understand your topic very well.

So always go back to your hypothesis and what the center of the study is all about what are the factors that need to be outlined and what is the broader research question that lends itself to the specific prediction so pause this lecture and take a moment to read through this first paragraph of the berry a tall article and look for those features that were discussed about what goes into a first paragraph notice that there are citations throughout the first paragraph a common mistake people make sometimes is to think that the opening paragraph is general so you don’t need citations but you see that you need citations all the way throughout that’s a different recorded lecture but just notice how this is used in a first paragraph here’s the first paragraph of the study with those big key pieces that the reader will expect to find more about in this paper.

Apr 7, 2018

Supporting Hypothesis

In research paper it’s all about  back and forth between what’s in the literature and your ideas about how things are it doesn’t work out very well if you force the literature into a pre-existing idea that doesn’t match the literature very well so here we have self disclosures obviously an area because they’re interested in how much freshman self disclosed they’re interested in the college experience stress related to college attendance they’re also interested in first-generation status and the type of stress and features that come with being the first person in your family to go to college in identifying what makes for good evidence for your argument it’s not just the first articles that you find. More on hypothesis support on Edusson.

But you will find lots of different studies and you will read articles and identify a question central to the study and so one of the big underlying questions do people feel that they can handle stressful life events better when they disclose emotional stress to others that would be something you could find in the literature and would provide some support for the Oh for the more specific prediction so you want to look into sources that answer the question validate your question idea or provide context or can help you adjust your question so when you have many studies and research findings indicating the same thing or even conflicting things in the same area you give more credence to the argument you’re making and showing that the study that you’re doing is worth the time money and effort to do so you’re highlighting past findings in light of how they contribute to your idea for a study so once you’ve found this evidence then you bring it together from as many sources as you can the more evidence for your argument the better and this is why as you build your paper you get more and more sources and then you have more and more of a foundation for supporting your hypothesis.

To give a visual example to this think about a hypothesis is a big heavy platform and it needs support so if there’s that one article that you thought was really cool and you really liked that would be like one brick supporting this huge heavy platform and that would not provide enough support for your hypothesis what you really want are pillars of support for this big heavy platform and those are different articles now you wouldn’t be expected to have as many articles as there are bricks in these pillars but I hope you get the idea that you’re organizing these are they share different themes and so ultimately these bricks would be maybe different colors each pillar would be different because those bricks would have something to do with each other they would all be related to one theme so maybe in this paper one of the things would be stress and self disclosure and that would be one pillar that would provide partial support for the overall hypothesis and then there would be something about first-generation college students and stress and for in.

Apr 7, 2018

Your Preparation For Research

The natural tendency in terms of the way your preparation works where you’re reading something first and you take notes on it and that’s the first thing that you’ve read and you think it might be the most important and the next article that you summarize and so those are that’s a midway point to get to the more sophisticated level of organizing things into themes and arguments also avoid more than the most basic absolutely necessary background information a way to look at this is to look at articles that you have and look at the purpose of different sentences in the introduction and you’ll see that there are very few that are devoted to purely background information which is the opposite of a lot of papers that you write for college classes that are asked to report all about a certain topic. Learn more about preparation process at Edusson.

So most of the sentences are reporting findings putting forth claims combined and claims and evidence into one sentence and that’s what most of the introduction is you only need a little bit of background information and can really boil down something that might be two paragraphs in an informational paper into one or two sentences to give the reader just enough background information for you to proceed your arguments in terms of framing arguments in your overall theme of your introduction and what you’re arguing for is what are you trying to figure out from your study and here there’s an example using berry atolls article differences in self-reported disclosure of college experiences by first-generation college student status so Barry and other authors focused on students who were the first person in their family to go to college in their first year of college and their patterns of self disclosure they were curious about do first-generation freshmen college students disclose less about college stress than non first-generation students and do first-generation students have a different support group than non first-generation students these are overall research questions.

These are not hypotheses yep moving towards a more specific hypothesis to make a prediction a very specific prediction these authors write that it was hypothesized that college freshmen would differ in their self-reported disclosure of their experiences depending on whether or not they were first-generation status and that you would see that across varying proximity of targets of disclosure and what that means is who was close to them and what sort of category did they fall into friends family members professors and so on but getting really specific into the testable prediction very at all and that means the at all means and other authors self-reported disclosure will be lower in first-generation freshmen than in non first-generation freshmen and that is the prediction that they are doing before they go out to collect their data so where do you think berry at all went looking for findings that would support their hypothesis and that helped them build their hypothesis along the way.

Apr 7, 2018

A Research Proposal

This lecture will cover some of the main features of writing an introduction for a research proposal so what’s the purpose of an introduction well it’s kind of like a literature review if you’ve ever done a literature review which is reviewing a bunch of articles and drawing some conclusions from them but it has a central focus you’re trying to make your case as to why your hypothesis is a great hypothesis and why this study should be done and be done in the way that you’re proposing that it should be done so you introduce the scope and the focus of your specific topic and your reader should know right away exactly what your papers about. Get useful tips and hints for your future paper at Edusson.

Not all about one of your topics and all about another one of the topics but that you’re seeing these two topics as related it outlines your reasons for the study in terms of arguments and evidence which is taking past findings and organizing them into arguments so you have themes of support for your hypothesis a literature review is part of your introduction and it’s a broad to narrow look at the main areas of your study so you start out very broad about the scope and focus of your specific topic and you get more specific as you bring in related research organized into the themes of arguments and it’s all focused on supporting the hypothesis that’s your whole main point of your introduction is this is why this is a great hypothesis but in order to you can’t just say that it’s a great hypothesis you really need to provide a lot of information for your reader so they understand why it’s a great hypothesis you also have a chance to include variable definitions and need to include variable definitions about anything that’s central and important to your hypothesis in terms of how you see it conceptually like a conceptual or construct definition and how you propose to measure it very briefly the most common mistake in writing an introduction is to do an article by article summary.

So here’s an example William Bowen and colleagues argued this Liam Downey’s study contradicted Bowen at all and then all about Liam Downey study and then Aniston study here’s all about this and here’s all about this article so here’s this article here’s this article here’s this article well that is not good for a tired busy skeptical reader so you always want to think about tired busy skeptical reader who wants you to put it together in the way that you’re synthesizing it and why those are important within the context of larger themes another piece is that you don’t include specifics about methods data or results you just include a very brief outline and variable definitions at the end of the introduction to give a thumbnail sketch of how what the study is being proposed but then you get very specific in your methods section to explain all of those details just to reiterate you want to avoid article by article summarization.

Apr 7, 2018

Research Topic Rules

While writing a research paper on a particular topic you would come across a lot of cases statutes legislations lot of view articles and the likewise for each of these sources we have a particular set of rules to be followed while citing these sources there are a lot of forms of citations such as the Oxford Emily Howard AAS a APA etc for primary sources of case law online you can access the major law report series for the Supreme Court of India and for subsidiary and regional courts bar databases that requires subscriptions or few of some free websites some of the examples for these are SEC online Mahapatra lexis library LLM C digital law library judgements India Supreme Court and high court’s case tatters Li of India Supreme Court cases advocate coach and Indian canoe most of these websites are free resources where you can drill down by party name ear caught name and access the judgments Indian cases are cited by the party names followed by the year of reporter volume number the reporter abbreviation. Find out how to cope with those rules on Edusson.

First page last page for example SR boom I versus Union of India 1994 three SCC one comma 12 there are different reporters to find decisions of Supreme Court of India high courts of India code of judicial Commissioner or subtle divani a Dalits make sure you indicate the jurisdiction of the court in brackets after the reporter abbreviation as there are different series for the each state or region for example 1991 20 a I our bracket m8te 83 period you can also add India and bracket if it is not evident from the context some of the examples of databases abbreviations are AI R which stands for all India reporter SCR a chance for Supreme Court reports SEC goes with Supreme Court cases JT stands for judgments today CR LG stands for criminal law journal moving ahead now we would learn how do you cite the Indian Constitution cite the Constitution by title which is Constitution of India comma 1950 and parentheses followed by a RT period which stands for article and the article reference alternatively there is also a shorter version.

Or you could say an unofficial version of citing the Indian Constitution which stands as India Co NS t period 1950 in parentheses a RT period 325 period while we cite the statutes you would start citing it by writing the name of the Act the Act number Acts of Parliament the year of volume and write India in parentheses if it is not evident from the context the example would be flashing right on your screen moving ahead we will now talk about citing the internet sources this would include citing any content or any Optive websites or articles published on the internet please note that when an authenticated efficient or exact copy of the source is available online citation can be made as if to the original print source without any URL information appended we start citing the internet source by writing the name of the author name of the article institutional owner of the domain followed by month date year time comma URL period if the date and time is available on the article published.

Apr 7, 2018

Permission For Information

If you are mentioning from other sources you should take permission from the author or you can mention the source of the information in your citation once you have completed your research paper and you have given the final look to it you have to save it in the word file or also in the PDF file just make a separate two files one for the abstract with your abstract of the research paper including your contact details about the author or any coder and the separate file you have research paper and you can find various publication opportunities one legal design called for paper sections called for submission section or Conference upcoming conferences section so you can visit the website or you can also refer to other journals also and there is a journal of our legal design – Oh general law which is highly so you can visit legal aid or consciousness journal if you want to submit your research paper and you can submit to any other journals that can videos can be found online on various web site in legals. Find out how to communicate with information donors at Edusson.

Also so you can you should not wait for the research paper at your opportunity to start your research paper writing it start from to pick it start from any topic if you are interested in researching on any topic you can start you can make a research paper on it and once you get an opportunity likewise of any journal or related journal and then you can send them mail so don’t wait for the opportunity to arrive it you will start writing a research paper when you will get a relevant confess or a journal that issue so start writing the research paper on it and then you can submit to the other journals the next session will be read by the Bokashi and if you have any questions queries about this good evening everyone I’m parka series on running and I would be covering the topic of citations and references for this webinar first of all I would like to welcome and thank all of you for attending this webinar on how to write a winning research paper.

I would also like to thank legal desire for giving me this beautiful platform to connect with the law students and the legal professionals and having me share my views on this amazing topic I will try to keep my presentation really short and simple for yours I would also like to inform everyone that I will be providing my email address upon completion of my presentation please feel free to shoot me an email if you have any questions or suggestions or comments regarding this topic and our webinar well let’s get started with our topic of the day one of the most important things by writing a research paper let me correct myself while writing an effective research paper is citing the source how can one define citing a source or the citations so citation is a reference to a published or unpublished source the main purpose of citing the source is acknowledging the relevance of the work of others to the topic of discussion and therefore avoiding plagiarism.